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IT@Intel Brief Intel Information Technology 64-BitComputing March2010

Increasing EDA Throughput with Intel® Xeon® Processor 5600 Series •Upto17.3xincreasedthroughput comparedwithsingle-coreIntel® Xeon®processor •Upto5.5xfastercomparedwith dual-coreIntel®Xeon®processor5160 Intel’ssilicondesignengineersneedsignificantincreasesincomputingcapacityto delivereachnewgenerationofsiliconchips.Tomeetthoserequirements,IntelIT conductsongoingperformancetests,usingthelatestIntelsilicondesigndata,to analyzethebenefitsofintroducingcomputeserversbasedonnew,morepowerful processorsintoourelectronicdesignautomation(EDA)computingenvironment. Werecentlytestedadual-socketserverbasedonthelatestIntel®Xeon®processor X5670,runningsingle-threaded,multi-threaded,anddistributedEDAapplications operatingonmorethan50Intelsilicondesignworkloads.Byutilizingallavailablecores, theservercompletedworkloadsupto17.3xfasterthanaserverbasedona64-bit Intel®Xeon®processor(3.6GHz)withasinglecore,asshowninFigure1.Theserverwas upto5.5xfasterthanaserverbasedonIntel®Xeon®processor5160withtwocores. Basedonourperformanceassessment,weplantodeployserversbasedonIntel® Xeon®processor5600seriesthisyear,completingourreplacementofolderservers basedonsingle-coreIntel®Xeon®processorsandbeginningreplacementofdual-core Intel®Xeon®processor5100series.Bydoingso,weexpecttosignificantlyincrease EDAthroughputwhilerealizingsavingsduetoavoidanceofdatacenterconstruction andreducedpowerconsumption. EDA Application Performance - All Cores Loaded (2004-2010) 20 Intel® Xeon® processor X5670 Higher is Better (2.93 GHz) 17.34 16.54 Intel® Xeon® processor X5570 (2.93 GHz) 15 14.22 Intel® Xeon® processor X5460 13.04 12.44 (3.16 GHz) Throughput Intel® Xeon® processor X5365 (3.0 GHz) 10 Intel® Xeon® processor 5160 (3.0 GHz) 64-bit Intel® Xeon® processor 5 with 2 MB L2 cache (3.8 GHz) 64-bit Intel® Xeon® processor with 1 MB L2 cache (3.6 GHz) 0 Simulation Physical Verification Physical Verification Timing Analysis Optical Proximity Correction 136 jobs Design Rule Check Node Antenna Check 24 jobs 561 templates Figure 1. Summary of electronic design automation (EDA) test results, comparing relative throughput. IT@Intel Brief www.intel.com/it Maximizing Throughput with Intel® Hyper-Threading Technology Intel®Xeon®processor5600serieswith Intel®Hyper-ThreadingTechnology(Intel® HTTechnology)cansupportupto24 concurrentsoftwarethreadsinasingletwo- socketplatform.IntelHTTechnologycan helpdeliverhigherperformancethroughput, asshowninthefigurebelow.IntelHT Technologydelivereduptoa1.28xbenefit whencompletingthesamenumberofjobs using2xtheapplicationlicenses. 1.5 Higher is Better 1.28 Throughput 1.00 1.0 Relative 0.5 0.0 Intel® Xeon® Intel® Xeon® Processor X5670 Processor X5670 Intel® HT Technology Intel® HT Technology Disabled Enabled Time to Complete 136 Simulation Jobs 7:11:51 5:37:17 Relative Throughput 1.00 1.28 Background SiliconchipdesignengineersatIntelface ongoingchallenges:integratingmorefeatures intoever-shrinkingsiliconchips,bringingproducts tomarketfaster,andkeepingdesignengineering andmanufacturingcostslow. Asdesigncomplexityincreases,therequirements forcomputecapacityalsoincrease,sorefreshing serversandworkstationswithhigherperforming systemsiscost-effectiveandoffersacompetitive advantagebyenablingfasterchipdesign. Refreshingolderserversalsoenablesustorealize datacentercostsavings.Bytakingadvantage oftheperformanceandpower-efficiency improvementsinnewservergenerations,wecan increasecomputingcapacitywithinthesame datacenterfootprint,avoidingexpensivedata centerconstructionandachievingoperational costsavingsduetoreducedpowerconsumption. IntelITconductsongoingperformancetests, basedonthelatestIntelsilicondesigndata,to analyzethepotentialperformanceanddatacenter benefitsofintroducingserversbasedonnew processorsintoourEDAcomputingenvironment. WhileourassessmentsfocusonEDAapplications, throughputimprovementsmayalsobeachieved withotherapplicationsusedinhigh-performance computingenvironmentswheresimulationand verificationarelargepartsoftheworkflow, including: • Computationalfluiddynamicsandsimulation intheaeronauticalandautomobileindustries • Synthesisandsimulationapplicationsinthe lifesciences • Simulationintheoilandgasindustries Test Methodology Werantestsondual-socketserversbasedon IntelXeonprocessorX5670.Thisprocessor includesnewfeaturesdesignedtoincrease throughputcomparedwithpreviousprocessor generations,including32nmprocesstechnology, uptosixcores,andupto12MBL3cache. Figure2illustratessomeoftheenhancements thatboostEDAapplicationperformance. Weranseveraltestsusingindustry-leadingEDA single-threaded,multi-threaded,anddistributed applicationscomprisingmorethan50Intel® processorandchipsetdesignworkloads. Ourgoalwastoassessthroughputimprovement bymeasuringthetimetakentocompletea specificnumberofdesignworkloads.Tomaximize throughput,weconfiguredeachapplicationto utilizeallavailablecores,resultinginonejobor processpercoreasshowninTable1. 2004-2005 Intel® Xeon® Intel Xeon Processor Processor Single-Core Single-Core GB/s 6.4 DDR2 DDR2 6.4 GB/s E7520 Intel® Chipset 2006-2008 Intel® Xeon® Processor Dual- or Quad-Core Intel Xeon Processor Dual- or Quad-Core FB-DIMM FB-DIMM 21-25 GB/s FB-DIMM FB-DIMM GB/s 21-25 5400 Intel® Chipset 2009-2010 Intel® Xeon® Processor Quad- or Six-Core Intel Xeon Processor Quad- or Six-Core GB/s 25.6 Link QPI Intel® per DDR3 DDR3 DDR3 DDR3 DDR3 DDR3 GB/s GB/s 32 32 to to up up 5520 Intel® Chipset 2004-2005 2006-2008 2009-2010 90nm 65nmand45nm 45nmand32nm Process Technology 1 2or4 4or6 Cores per Socket 1MBor2MB 4MBor6MBsharedbetween2cores 8MBor12MBshared Cache Upto8 Upto16 Upto18 DIMMs 1 2 16GB(DDR2-400) 64GBor128GB (FB-DIMM/DDR2-667orFB-DIMM/DDR2-800) 144GBor288GB (DDR3-800/1066/1333MHz) Maximum Memory Capacity DDR-doubledatarate;DIMM-dualin-linememorymodule;FB-DIMM -fullybuffereddualin-linememorymodule;Intel® QPI - Intel®QuickPathInterconnect 1 128GBsupportwithIntel®5400Chipsetintroducedin2007. 2 144GBassumes18memoryslotspopulatedwith8-GBDIMMs;288GBassumes18memoryslotspopulatedwith16GBDIMMs,andvalidatedonlywithIntel®Xeon®processor5600series Figure 2. A comparison of dual-socket servers based on Intel® Xeon® processors. www.intel.com/it IT@Intel Brief Table 1. Electronic Design Automation (EDA) Summary Test Results Showing Relative Throughput of 64-Bit Intel® Processors Summary test results: relative throughput using 64-bit Intel® Xeon® processor with 1 MB L2 cache as baseline 64-bit Intel® Xeon® 64-bit Intel® Xeon® processor with processor with Intel® Xeon® Intel® Xeon® Intel® Xeon® Intel® Xeon® 1 MB L2 cache 2 MB L2 cache processor 5160 processor X5365 processor X5460 processor X5570 (3.6 GHz) (3.8 GHz) (3.0 GHz) (3.0 GHz) (3.16 GHz) (2.93 GHz) 1.00 1.30 3.55 4.97 5.52 10.38 Simulation (136 jobs) 1.00 1.23 4.24 8.22 9.32 9.89 Physical Verification (DRC) 1.00 1.16 3.64 6.50 7.50 8.84 Physical Verification (NAC) 1.00 1.06 4.62 9.90 10.71 11.70 Read the full IT@Intel Brief Intel Information Technology 64-BitComputing March2010.

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